What Do Mormons Believe In Simple Terms?

So, you’ve heard the term “Mormons” before, but you’re not quite sure what they believe. Don’t worry, my friend, I’ve got you covered! In simple terms, Mormons believe in the teachings of Jesus Christ and the Book of Mormon as scripture. They strive to live by a set of principles that emphasize family, faith, service, and personal righteousness. From their strong emphasis on community to their unique beliefs about the afterlife, this article will walk you through the core beliefs of Mormons in a simple and friendly manner. So, let’s dive right in and unveil the beliefs that shape the lives of Mormons across the globe!

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, often referred to as the LDS Church or Mormon Church, is a Christian restorationist church. It was founded in the early 19th century by Joseph Smith, who is believed to have been chosen by God to restore the original teachings and authority of Jesus Christ. The church places a strong emphasis on the role of Jesus Christ as the savior of humanity and follows the teachings found in the Book of Mormon, which is considered to be another testament of Jesus Christ.

Jesus Christ

In the LDS Church, Jesus Christ is seen as the Son of God and the central figure in the plan of salvation. Mormons believe in his divinity and his role as the redeemer of humanity. They believe that through his sacrifice and atonement, all people can be forgiven of their sins and have the opportunity to return to live with God after death. Jesus Christ is regarded as the ultimate example of love, compassion, and obedience to God.

The Book of Mormon

The Book of Mormon is a sacred text in the LDS Church, believed to have been translated by Joseph Smith from ancient records written on golden plates. It is considered by Mormons to be another testament of Jesus Christ and a companion to the Bible. The book tells the story of ancient inhabitants of the Americas and their interactions with God. It also contains teachings and prophecies that Mormons believe are applicable to their own lives today.

Prophet and President

The LDS Church is led by a prophet and president, who is believed to be a modern-day successor to Joseph Smith and a direct mouthpiece for God. The current president, Russell M. Nelson, is considered by Mormons to be a prophet, seer, and revelator. He is responsible for guiding and directing the affairs of the church, receiving revelation, and teaching important doctrines and principles.

Modern-Day Revelation

Mormons believe in the continuation of prophecy and revelation in the LDS Church. They believe that God continues to speak to his children through the prophet and other church leaders. This ongoing revelation allows for the adaptation and clarification of doctrines and policies to meet the needs and challenges of the modern world. Mormons are encouraged to seek personal revelation and guidance in their own lives through prayer and spiritual discernment.

Core Beliefs


Mormons believe in God as their loving Heavenly Father, the supreme ruler and creator of the universe. They believe that God is an exalted being with a physical body of flesh and bone and that He knows and loves each individual personally. Mormons strive to develop a personal relationship with God through prayer, worship, and obedience to His commandments.

Jesus Christ

Mormons believe that Jesus Christ is the divine Son of God, the Savior and Redeemer of all humanity. They believe that Jesus Christ atoned for the sins of the world through his suffering, death, and resurrection. Mormons strive to follow the example of Jesus Christ and live their lives in accordance with his teachings.

Holy Spirit

Mormons believe in the Holy Spirit as a distinct and separate being from God the Father and Jesus Christ. They believe that the Holy Spirit is a constant companion and guide, providing comfort, inspiration, and guidance to individuals as they seek to live according to God’s will.

Plan of Salvation

The LDS Church teaches that God has a plan of salvation, also known as the Plan of Happiness, whereby all people can experience joy, learn and grow, and ultimately return to live with God. This plan includes the Earthly life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, as well as individual choices and opportunities for repentance and progression.


Mormons believe in the atonement of Jesus Christ, which includes his sacrifice on the cross and his resurrection. They believe that through the atonement, all individuals can be forgiven of their sins and have the opportunity for eternal life with God. Mormons strive to repent and follow the teachings of Jesus Christ to fully access the blessings of the atonement.


Mormons believe in the enabling power of God’s grace, which is described as divine assistance and guidance. They believe that in addition to personal efforts and good works, grace is necessary for salvation. Mormons strive to rely on the grace of God to overcome weaknesses, make progress, and ultimately become more like their Heavenly Father.

Faith and Works

Mormons believe in the importance of both faith and works in the process of salvation. They believe that faith is necessary to develop a relationship with God and accept his teachings. At the same time, they believe that good works, such as acts of service and obedience to God’s commandments, are an essential part of demonstrating and strengthening faith.

Eternal Families

Mormons believe in the importance of families and the eternal nature of marriage and family relationships. They believe that families can be together forever through sacred ordinances performed in temples. Mormons strive to strengthen and nurture their families, prioritize marriage and parenting, and participate in genealogy and temple work to ensure the eternal unity of their families.


The Bible

In addition to the Book of Mormon, Mormons consider the Bible to be a sacred scripture. They believe in the Bible as the word of God, as far as it is translated correctly. Mormons study and teach from the Bible, finding guidance and inspiration in its teachings.

The Book of Mormon

The Book of Mormon is regarded as another testament of Jesus Christ and an additional witness of his divinity and teachings. Mormons believe that the Book of Mormon contains the fullness of the gospel and provides clarity and interpretation of certain biblical passages. They study and use the Book of Mormon alongside the Bible in their personal and communal worship.

Doctrine and Covenants

The Doctrine and Covenants is a collection of modern revelations received by various prophets and leaders in the LDS Church. It contains instructions, guidance, and clarifications on various doctrinal and practical matters. Mormons believe in the authority and relevance of these modern-day revelations and use them as a guide in their personal and church lives.

Pearl of Great Price

The Pearl of Great Price is a compilation of additional scripture in the LDS faith. It includes the Book of Abraham, the Book of Moses, Joseph Smith’s translation of Matthew 23, and various revelations and writings of Joseph Smith. Mormons consider these texts to be inspired by God and view them as valuable sources of doctrine and understanding.

Church Organization

Prophet and President

The LDS Church is led by a prophet and president, who is considered to be the highest authority in the church. The prophet is believed to receive revelation and guidance from God and is responsible for teaching and leading the members of the church. The current prophet is Russell M. Nelson.

Quorum of the Twelve Apostles

The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles consists of twelve senior leaders who serve as special witnesses of Jesus Christ and assist the prophet in leading the church. They hold various responsibilities and provide guidance and leadership to the worldwide church.

General Authorities

General Authorities are leaders who are called to serve in various capacities in the church. They include the First Presidency, the Quorum of the Seventy, and other leaders who oversee specific areas of the church’s operations and ministries.

Ward and Stake Leadership

At a local level, LDS congregations are organized into wards and stakes. These units are led by local leaders, including a bishop or branch president and a stake president. These leaders provide guidance, support, and pastoral care to the members of their respective congregations.

Ordinances and Sacraments


Baptism is a sacred ordinance in the LDS Church. It is considered the first step in the process of repentance and becoming a member of the church. Baptism is performed by immersion, symbolizing a commitment to follow Jesus Christ and his teachings.


Confirmation is the ordinance that follows baptism in the LDS Church. It is performed by the laying on of hands by authorized priesthood holders. Confirmation is seen as a way to receive the gift of the Holy Spirit and become a member of the church.

Sacrament (Communion)

The sacrament, also known as the Lord’s Supper or communion, is a weekly ordinance in the LDS Church. It involves partaking of bread and water, representing the body and blood of Jesus Christ. The sacrament is seen as a way to remember and renew covenants made with God and Jesus Christ.


The endowment is a temple ordinance in which members make sacred covenants with God. It involves receiving knowledge, instruction, and blessings through symbolic ceremonies. The endowment is seen as a preparation for eternal life and a deeper understanding of God’s plan.


Sealing is the ordinance that binds families together for eternity in the LDS Church. It is performed in the temple and is believed to ensure that family relationships can continue beyond death. Sealing also includes the sealing of husbands and wives for eternity, providing a foundation for eternal marital relationships.

Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ

God the Father

Mormons believe in God the Father as the supreme being and creator of the universe. They believe that he is a loving, merciful, and just God who desires the happiness and eternal progression of his children. Mormons strive to develop a personal relationship with God the Father through prayer and obedience to his commandments.

Jesus Christ as the Son of God

Mormons believe that Jesus Christ is the divine Son of God, sent to Earth to fulfill the plan of salvation. They believe in his teachings, his atonement, and his resurrection. Mormons strive to follow the example of Jesus Christ and honor him as their Savior and Redeemer.

Plan of Salvation

The plan of salvation, also known as the plan of happiness, is a central belief in the LDS Church. It teaches that God has a plan for all of his children to experience joy, learn and grow, and ultimately return to live with him. The plan of salvation includes the principles of agency, accountability, repentance, faith, baptism, and eternal progression.

Plan of Salvation

The Preexistence

Mormons believe that before we were born on Earth, we lived with God in a premortal existence. They believe that during this time, we learned and prepared for our Earthly lives and the experiences and opportunities that awaited us.

Earthly Life

Mormons believe that Earthly life is a time for learning, growth, and making choices. They believe that our actions and decisions during this life have eternal consequences and determine our progression. Mormons strive to live according to God’s commandments and develop Christlike qualities during their Earthly lives.

Death and Spirit World

Mormons believe that when a person dies, their spirit is separated from their physical body. They believe that the spirit continues to live in a spirit world, where it has the opportunity to learn, progress, and receive further instruction. Mormons believe that the spirit world is a place of preparation for the resurrection and judgment.


Mormons believe in the resurrection of the body, including the physical reunification of the spirit and the body. They believe that through the resurrection, all people will be restored to a perfected, immortal state. The resurrection is seen as a necessary step in God’s plan for eternal progression and the ultimate reward for faithfulness and righteousness.

Final Judgment

Mormons believe in a final judgment, where each individual will be accountable for their actions and choices during their Earthly life. They believe that God, in his perfect knowledge and justice, will judge each person according to their deeds and the desires of their hearts. The final judgment is seen as an opportunity for individuals to receive their eternal reward based on their faithfulness and obedience to God’s commandments.

Degrees of Glory

Mormons believe in different degrees of glory or heavenly realms where individuals will reside after the resurrection and final judgment. These degrees include the celestial, terrestrial, and telestial kingdoms. The celestial kingdom is believed to be the highest degree of glory, reserved for those who have fully accepted and followed the teachings of Jesus Christ. Mormons strive to live according to God’s commandments and principles to obtain the highest degree of glory.

Eternal Families


Mormons believe in the sanctity of marriage and view it as an essential part of God’s plan. They believe that marriage is meant to be between a man and a woman and is ordained by God. Mormons strive to establish and nurture strong marriages based on love, respect, and commitment.


Sealing is an important ordinance performed in LDS temples to bind families together for eternity. Mormons believe that through this sealing ordinance, families can continue their relationships in the eternities. Mormons place a significant emphasis on family unity and work to strengthen their familial bonds through love, service, and obedience to God’s commandments.

Family Relationships

Mormons believe in the importance of familial relationships and strive to build strong, loving, and supportive families. They believe that families can provide valuable opportunities for growth, learning, and love. Mormons prioritize spending time with family, teaching and nurturing their children, and cultivating positive relationships within their family units.

Genealogy and Temple Work

Mormons place great importance on genealogy and family history. They believe in the importance of knowing one’s ancestors and understanding their heritage. Mormons engage in genealogical research and temple work, which includes performing ordinances, such as baptisms and sealings, on behalf of deceased ancestors. This work is seen as an opportunity to strengthen familial bonds and provide eternal blessings to those who have passed away.

Religious Practices

Sabbath Observance

Mormons believe in the importance of observing the Sabbath day as a day of rest and worship. They strive to set aside this day for communal worship, family activities, and personal reflection. Mormons attend church services, participate in religious instruction, and engage in activities that foster spiritual growth and connection with God.


Mormons place a strong emphasis on prayer as a means of communicating with God and seeking guidance, comfort, and repentance. Mormons are encouraged to pray frequently, both individually and with their families. They believe that prayer is a powerful tool for receiving personal revelation, witnessing miracles, and deepening their relationship with God.

Scripture Study

Mormons believe in the importance of studying scripture as a means of understanding God’s teachings and receiving personal revelation. They strive to regularly read and study from the Bible, the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price. Mormons believe that studying scripture can provide guidance, inspiration, and insights into God’s plan and purpose.


Fasting is a practice observed by Mormons as a means of deepening spiritual connection and seeking divine intervention. Mormons fast by abstaining from food and drink for a designated period, usually a 24-hour period. They believe that fasting can increase humility, foster self-discipline, and invite the influence of the Holy Spirit.


Mormons believe in the principle of tithing, which involves giving 10% of one’s income to the church. They believe that tithing is a commandment from God and a means of supporting the work of the church, including the construction of meetinghouses, temples, and the provision of humanitarian aid. Mormons view tithing as a significant act of sacrifice and obedience.

Missionary Work

Mormons place a strong emphasis on missionary work and view it as a central part of their faith. Mormons believe that sharing the gospel with others is a commandment from God and an opportunity to bless the lives of others. Many young Mormons choose to serve full-time missions, dedicating 18 to 24 months of their lives to teaching and sharing the beliefs and teachings of the LDS Church.

Temple Worship

Temples hold a central place in the religious practices of Mormons. Temples are considered to be sacred and are reserved for specific ordinances and covenants. Mormons view temple worship as a means of drawing closer to God, receiving sacred blessings, and participating in ordinances that are believed to be essential for eternal salvation.

Health and Wellness

Word of Wisdom

The Word of Wisdom is a health code found in the LDS Church’s Doctrine and Covenants. It counsels against the use of tobacco, alcohol, coffee, and tea. Mormons strive to follow the Word of Wisdom as a means of promoting physical and emotional well-being. They believe that taking care of one’s body is a way to show gratitude for the gift of life and honor God.

Physical and Emotional Well-being

Mormons believe in the importance of maintaining physical and emotional well-being. They strive to live healthy lifestyles, including proper nutrition, regular physical exercise, and emotional self-care. Mormons believe that a balanced and healthy life contributes to both spiritual and temporal well-being, allowing them to better serve others and fulfill their potential.

In conclusion, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as the Mormon Church, has a rich and comprehensive set of beliefs, scriptures, and practices. From their beliefs in the divinity of Jesus Christ to their emphasis on family unity and temple worship, Mormons seek to live their lives according to the teachings and principles they hold dear. Through their faith and adherence to the core beliefs and practices of their religion, Mormons strive to find purpose, happiness, and a closer relationship with God.